Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes


obesidad

About 422 million people around the world, including more than 30 million Americans, have diabetes. Approximately ninety percent of them have type 2 diabetes. People with this condition cannot effectively use insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas that helps the body turn blood sugar (glucose) into energy.

The inability to use insulin, called insulin resistance, results in increasing levels of blood sugar, which, if not controlled, can significantly raise the risk of major health problems such as blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation.         In 2015, the World Health Organization estimated that 1.6 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes. Until recently, this type of diabetes was only seen in adults, but it is now also occurring increasingly and more frequently in children.

Obesity is the most significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes and other metabolic conditions, and affects one in three adults worldwide.

The secret to managing type 2 diabetes isn’t found in a pill. In most cases, the best way to treat type 2 diabetes is by practicing healthy habits on a regular basis.

Keeping close tabs on your diet is a major way to help manage type 2 diabetes. A healthy diet for people with type 2 diabetes includes vegetables, whole grains, beans, fresh fruit, lean meats, and low-fat dairy.

Focus on eating fruit and non-starchy vegetables, like broccoli, carrots, and lettuce, and having smaller portions of starchy foods, meats, and dairy products. Be especially careful about loading up on foods that are high on the glycemic index (GI) and especially the glycemic load (GL), systems that rank foods according to how they affect glucose levels.

High glycemic index foods are going to be primarily processed foods. Those processed foods tend to have more white sugar and flour in them, which are higher on the GI. Foods lower on the GI include vegetables, especially non-starchy vegetables, like broccoli, cauliflower, and leafy greens and whole-grain products, such as brown rice (as opposed to white rice).

Exercise Regularly as Part of Your Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Plan                                    The more intense the exercise, the better. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) may be better for weight loss and glucose control than continuous aerobic activity like jogging. HIIT involves alternating between short bursts of increased intensity exercise and rest — for instance, running and then walking on and off throughout the workout.

Regular weightlifting sessions can also help keep blood sugar levels steady. Use weights or resistance bands for 30 to 45 minutes two or three times a week. The CDC recommends getting at least 150 minutes a week of brisk walking or a similar activity, which comes out to about 30 minutes a day, five times per week.

 

Advertisements

Egg Nutrition Facts


egg-02Eggs are an all-natural source of high-quality protein and a number of other nutrients, all for 70 calories an egg. Cost-effective and versatile, the unique nutritional composition of eggs can help meet a variety of nutrient needs of children through older adults.

Plus, nutrition research suggests eggs can play a role in weight management, muscle strength, healthy pregnancy, brain function, eye health and more. In fact, according to a recent review and meta-analysis, eating one egg a day reduces risk of stroke by 12 percent. Also, a new study indicates adding eggs to a salad increases vitamin E absorption.

Take a look at some quick egg nutrition facts.

Continue reading Egg Nutrition Facts

What does it take to lose weight?


lose weightIn the 16 years that I have been involved in Fitness and Weight Loss Management, I have helped hundreds of people to get in better shape and to lose weight.   Over this time I have also heard every excuse imaginable.  As in life, in order to be successful, you will need good teachers, knowledge, a plan, goals, and support.  However, the most important ingredient is commitment.  Continue reading What does it take to lose weight?

Why Chocolate Is Good for Your Health


imagesN32K8OYOChocolate is one of my favorite foods; not only because it is tasty, but also because it’s really good for your health.

The most recent evidence of this comes from an August study in the journal Neurology.  Researchers found that chocolate may help older people keep their brains healthy and their thinking sharp. Study participants who drank two cups of cocoa daily for 30 days showed an 8.3 percent increase in blood flow to the brain, and they improved their scores on memory and thinking tests. Score! Continue reading Why Chocolate Is Good for Your Health

Tips for Healthy Holiday Eating


images3NFBWVAIThe holiday season is a time to celebrate with family and friends. Unfortunately, for many it also becomes a time for over-eating and weight gain. According to the National Institutes of Health, holiday eating can result in an extra pound or two every year. Over a lifetime, holiday weight gain can really add up. The holidays don’t have to mean weight gain. Focus on a healthy balance of food, activity, and fun. By implementing a few simple tips you can stay healthy through the holiday season.

Ten Tips for Healthy Holiday Eating Continue reading Tips for Healthy Holiday Eating

Guidelines for a healthy diet


– Avoid sugar (sugar, honey or brown sugar) and starch (white flower products, white rice, potatoes, corn) intake.
– Avoid products with excess fat.
– Avoid alcohol. Alcohol lowers the sugar in the blood and will increase your appetite. Also have a high number of calories. Continue reading Guidelines for a healthy diet

Burning Calories


healthydiet1The main thing we have to know is that our muscle tissue burns 90% of the calories we consume, so it seems logical that if we have more muscle, we burn more calories. Also, taking in a higher amount of calories than the calories we burn, will result in weight gain in the form of fat by converting these excess calories into fat. Continue reading Burning Calories

Cost of obesity? Over $4,000 if you’re a woman


At FitnessPTO, we’ve always known that an investment in health and fitness is rewarded financially and we’re happy to see a yearly dollar amount figure to represent this. Our total yearly membership cost is less than 2% of the total yearly cost of being obese. Here’s a great article based on a study by George Washington University.

Obesity puts a drag on the wallet as well as health, especially for women.

Doctors have long known that medical bills are higher for the obese, but that is only a portion of the real-life costs.

George Washington University researchers added in things like employee sick days, lost productivity, even the need for extra gasoline — and found the annual cost of being obese is $4,879 for a woman and $2,646 for a man.

That is far more than the cost of being merely overweight — $524 for women and $432 for men, concluded the report being released Tuesday, which analyzed previously published studies to come up with a total.

Why the difference between the sexes? Studies suggest larger women earn less than skinnier women, while wages don’t differ when men pack on the pounds. That was a big surprise, said study co-author and health policy professor Christine Ferguson.

Then consider that obesity is linked to earlier death. While that is not something people usually consider a pocketbook issue, the report did average in the economic value of lost life. That brought women’s annual obesity costs up to $8,365, and men’s to $6,518.

The report was financed by one of the manufacturers of gastric banding, a type of obesity surgery.

Two-thirds of Americans are either overweight or obese, and childhood obesity has tripled in the past three decades. Nearly 18 percent of adolescents now are obese, facing a future of diabetes, heart disease and other ailments.

Looking at the price tag may help policymakers weigh the value of spending to prevent and fight obesity, said Schulman, pointing to factors like dietary changes over the past 30 years and physical environments that discourage physical activity.

“We’re paying a very high price as a society for obesity, and why don’t we think about it as a problem of enormous magnitude to our economy?” he asks. “We’re creating obesity and we need to do a man-on-the-moon effort to solve this before those poor kids in elementary school become diabetic middle-aged people.”

A major study published last year found medical spending averages $1,400 more a year for the obese than normal-weight people. Tuesday’s report added mostly work-related costs — things like sick days and disability claims — related to those health problems.

It also included a quirky finding, a study that calculated nearly 1 billion additional gallons of gasoline (3.8 billion liters) are used every year because of increases in car passengers’ weight since 1960

By LAURAN NEERGAARD (Associated Press)

Insulin, major factor for weight gain


InsulinWhat is insulin? Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas. Insulin balances the blood sugar.

But how does insulin effect weight gain in the form of fat? As we learned before, carbohydrates are the primary source of fuel. When you eat carbohydrates, they break down into glucose, causing your blood sugar to rise. Continue reading Insulin, major factor for weight gain

Setting Goals in Fitness


Setting Fitness Goals is very important for your fitness progress. Make sure that your goals set are realistic and achievable.

Firm & Tone
A Firm and Tone goal is related more to a look aspect and is accomplished by decreasing body fat and increases of your lean tissues so your body get a harder-healthier look. Continue reading Setting Goals in Fitness