Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Exercises


Aerobic exercise is any type of cardiovascular conditioning or “cardio.” During cardiovascular conditioning, your breathing and heart rate increase for a sustained period of time. Examples of aerobic exercise include swimming laps, running, or cycling.

Anaerobic exercises involve quick bursts of energy and are performed at maximum effort for a short time. Examples include jumping, sprinting, or heavy weight lifting.

Your respiration and heart rate differ in aerobic activities versus anaerobic ones. Oxygen is your main energy source during aerobic workouts.

During aerobic exercise, you breathe faster and deeper than when your heart rate is at rest. You’re maximizing the amount of oxygen in the blood. Your heart rate goes up, increasing blood flow to the muscles and back to the lungs.

During anaerobic exercise, your body requires immediate energy. Your body relies on stored energy sources, rather than oxygen, to fuel itself. That includes breaking down glucose.

Your fitness goals should help determine whether you should participate in aerobic or anaerobic exercise. If you’re new to exercise, you might want to start with aerobic exercises to build up endurance.

If you’ve been exercising a long time or are trying to lose weight quickly, add anaerobic workouts into your routine. Sprints or high intensity interval training (HIIT) may help you meet your goals.

Benefits of aerobic exercise

Aerobic exercise can offer numerous benefits for your health, including reducing your risk of a heart attack, type 2 diabetes, or a stroke.

Other benefits of aerobic exercise include:

  • can help you lose weight and keep it off
  • may help lower and control blood pressure
  • may increase your stamina and reduce fatigue during exercise
  • activates immune systems, making you less likely to get colds or the flu
  • strengthens your heart
  • boosts mood
  • may help you live longer than those who don’t exercise

Risks of aerobic exercise

Aerobic exercise can benefit almost anyone. But get your doctor’s approval if you’ve been inactive for a long time or live with a chronic condition.

If you’re new to aerobic exercise, it’s important to start slowly and work up gradually to reduce your risk of an injury. For example, start by walking 5 minutes at a time and add 5 minutes each time until you’re up to a 30-minute brisk walk.

Examples of aerobic exercise

During aerobic activities, you’ll move large muscles in your arms, legs, and hips. Your heart rate will also go up for a sustained period of time.

Examples of aerobic exercises include:

  • jogging
  • brisk walking
  • swimming laps
  • aerobic dancing
  • cross-country skiing
  • stair climbing
  • cycling
  • elliptical training
  • rowing

Benefits of anaerobic exercise

Anaerobic exercise can be beneficial if you’re looking to build muscle or lose weight. It can also be beneficial if you’ve been exercising for a long time, and are looking to push through an exercise plateau and meet a new goal. It may also help you maintain muscle mass as you age.

Other benefits include:

  • strengthens bones
  • burns fat
  • builds muscle
  • increases stamina for daily activities like hiking, dancing, or playing with kids

Risks of anaerobic exercise

Anaerobic exercise can be hard on your body. On a 1 to10 scale for perceived exertion, high intensity anaerobic exercise is anything over a seven. It’s not typically recommended for fitness beginners.

Get your doctor’s approval before adding anaerobic workouts to your routine. Work with a certified fitness professional who can help you create an anaerobic program based on your medical history and goals.

For workouts like HIIT and weight training, a fitness professional can also demonstrate the correct exercise techniques. Performing the exercises with proper technique is important for preventing an injury.

Examples of anaerobic exercise

Anaerobic exercises are performed at maximum effort for a shorter period of time.

Examples include:

  • high intensity interval training (HIIT)
  • heavy weight lifting
  • calisthenics, like plyometrics, jump squats, or box jumps
  • sprinting (while running, cycling, or swimming)

How often should you do aerobic vs. anaerobic exercise?

The American Heart Association recommends healthy adults get at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise at least 5 days a week, or at least 20 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity 3 days a week. You can also add in strength training two times a week to round out your routine.

Anaerobic exercises can be taxing on the body. With a doctor’s approval and the help of a certified fitness professional, anaerobic exercises can be added into your weekly exercise routine.

Perform anaerobic exercise like HIIT workouts no more than two or three days each week, always allowing for at least one full day of recovery

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Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes


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About 422 million people around the world, including more than 30 million Americans, have diabetes. Approximately ninety percent of them have type 2 diabetes. People with this condition cannot effectively use insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas that helps the body turn blood sugar (glucose) into energy.

The inability to use insulin, called insulin resistance, results in increasing levels of blood sugar, which, if not controlled, can significantly raise the risk of major health problems such as blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation.         In 2015, the World Health Organization estimated that 1.6 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes. Until recently, this type of diabetes was only seen in adults, but it is now also occurring increasingly and more frequently in children.

Obesity is the most significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes and other metabolic conditions, and affects one in three adults worldwide.

The secret to managing type 2 diabetes isn’t found in a pill. In most cases, the best way to treat type 2 diabetes is by practicing healthy habits on a regular basis.

Keeping close tabs on your diet is a major way to help manage type 2 diabetes. A healthy diet for people with type 2 diabetes includes vegetables, whole grains, beans, fresh fruit, lean meats, and low-fat dairy.

Focus on eating fruit and non-starchy vegetables, like broccoli, carrots, and lettuce, and having smaller portions of starchy foods, meats, and dairy products. Be especially careful about loading up on foods that are high on the glycemic index (GI) and especially the glycemic load (GL), systems that rank foods according to how they affect glucose levels.

High glycemic index foods are going to be primarily processed foods. Those processed foods tend to have more white sugar and flour in them, which are higher on the GI. Foods lower on the GI include vegetables, especially non-starchy vegetables, like broccoli, cauliflower, and leafy greens and whole-grain products, such as brown rice (as opposed to white rice).

Exercise Regularly as Part of Your Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Plan                                    The more intense the exercise, the better. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) may be better for weight loss and glucose control than continuous aerobic activity like jogging. HIIT involves alternating between short bursts of increased intensity exercise and rest — for instance, running and then walking on and off throughout the workout.

Regular weightlifting sessions can also help keep blood sugar levels steady. Use weights or resistance bands for 30 to 45 minutes two or three times a week. The CDC recommends getting at least 150 minutes a week of brisk walking or a similar activity, which comes out to about 30 minutes a day, five times per week.

 

Egg Nutrition Facts


egg-02Eggs are an all-natural source of high-quality protein and a number of other nutrients, all for 70 calories an egg. Cost-effective and versatile, the unique nutritional composition of eggs can help meet a variety of nutrient needs of children through older adults.

Plus, nutrition research suggests eggs can play a role in weight management, muscle strength, healthy pregnancy, brain function, eye health and more. In fact, according to a recent review and meta-analysis, eating one egg a day reduces risk of stroke by 12 percent. Also, a new study indicates adding eggs to a salad increases vitamin E absorption.

Take a look at some quick egg nutrition facts.

Continue reading Egg Nutrition Facts

What does it take to lose weight?


lose weightIn the 16 years that I have been involved in Fitness and Weight Loss Management, I have helped hundreds of people to get in better shape and to lose weight.   Over this time I have also heard every excuse imaginable.  As in life, in order to be successful, you will need good teachers, knowledge, a plan, goals, and support.  However, the most important ingredient is commitment.  Continue reading What does it take to lose weight?

Exercise helps ease arthritis pain and stiffness


arthritis painAs you consider starting an arthritis exercise program, understand what’s within your limits and what level of exercise is likely to give you results.

Controlling Your Arthritis

Exercise is crucial for people with arthritis. It increases strength and flexibility, reduces joint pain, and helps combat fatigue. Of course, when stiff and painful joints are already bogging you down, the thought of walking around the block or swimming a few laps might seem overwhelming. Continue reading Exercise helps ease arthritis pain and stiffness

Why Chocolate Is Good for Your Health


imagesN32K8OYOChocolate is one of my favorite foods; not only because it is tasty, but also because it’s really good for your health.

The most recent evidence of this comes from an August study in the journal Neurology.  Researchers found that chocolate may help older people keep their brains healthy and their thinking sharp. Study participants who drank two cups of cocoa daily for 30 days showed an 8.3 percent increase in blood flow to the brain, and they improved their scores on memory and thinking tests. Score! Continue reading Why Chocolate Is Good for Your Health

Wellness in the workplace the business benefits of providing health and fitness facilities


untitled 1Research and studies indicate that are many profitable reasons for companies to invest in corporate fitness despite economic downturn.

Most people agree that a fit and healthy workforce is desirable – it should even bring positive business benefits. But support for investment in fitness facilities seems to wane during times of economic hardship. Continue reading Wellness in the workplace the business benefits of providing health and fitness facilities

Tips for Healthy Holiday Eating


images3NFBWVAIThe holiday season is a time to celebrate with family and friends. Unfortunately, for many it also becomes a time for over-eating and weight gain. According to the National Institutes of Health, holiday eating can result in an extra pound or two every year. Over a lifetime, holiday weight gain can really add up. The holidays don’t have to mean weight gain. Focus on a healthy balance of food, activity, and fun. By implementing a few simple tips you can stay healthy through the holiday season.

Ten Tips for Healthy Holiday Eating Continue reading Tips for Healthy Holiday Eating

The dangers of going gluten free


COVERThe dangers of going gluten-free

It’s the biggest health craze of our time, though some doctors fear it’s creating real problems. (Even the Wheat Belly guru is worried)

by Cathy Gulli on Tuesday, September 10, 2013 7:00am

The first time Margaret Dron organized the Gluten Free Expo early last year, it was inside the gymnasium of a small community centre in east Vancouver. She had recruited one volunteer, two speakers, 38 vendors and expected 500 attendees. Continue reading The dangers of going gluten free